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10. User Input and Interaction - IActor,Popup

The IActor and Popup modules are designed to facilitate the implementation of certain elements of the graphical user interface. They support graphical user interactions resulting from graphics input which occurs in the graphics window. In particular, the IActor module provides functions for user object manipulation. This includes object rotation, translation, scaling, centering, zooming, windowing, fitting, etc. The Popup module implements a simple, lightweight and portable popup menu facility.

The actual event or message handling is not performed by the interaction modules but is left as the responsibility of the host application. The user therefore must manage all graphics input and call the associated IActor or Popup functions depending upon the "bindings" of input events and actions which the user has determined are appropriate for the host application.

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10.1 Object Interaction - IActor

The interaction module, IActor, is designed to allow the user to bind specified sequences of graphics input events such as button, mouse movement and expose events to one of several object manipulation actions provided by the IActor module. Examples of object manipulation actions available are a trackball interface, window resizing, object centering, fitting an object to a window, panning, zooming, etc. In addition the IActor module may be used to manage clipping planes. The functions associated with a IActor module are the following.

Instance an IActor object using vgl_IActorBegin. Once an IActor object is instanced, set the drawing function attribute object using vgl_IActorSetObject. The drawing function object set as an attribute object should contain immediate mode drawing functions. Set parameters which affect object manipulation, such as trackball radius, using vgl_IActorSetParami, etc. A number of utility functions are provided for performing calculation of the projection to fit an object comfortably inside the current viewport, dealing with expose events and window resizing, initializing the current modelview matrix in various ways, etc.

In addition to the utility functions, the IActor module supports the implementation of several user object manipulation actions. These actions may be categorized as either "clicker" or "dragger" actions. Clicker actions are meant to be performed when a button is pressed. Use the vgl_IActorClick function to implement clicker actions. Dragger actions are meant to be initiated when a button is depressed, then the cursor location is repeatedly queried and some action based upon the mouse movement and the mouse position is performed. The dragging action normally terminates when the button is released. Use the vgl_IActorDrag function to implement dragger actions. The IActor module allows all graphics input functions such as button, mouse movement and expose events to be managed by the user.

The IActor module provides for a display callback functions to be invoked under upon the completion of all clicker actions and the movement and termination stages of most dragger actions. The display callback function is set using vgl_IActorSetFunction

The actions currently available are are described as follows:

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10.2 Managing Arbitrary Clip Planes

The IActor module supports the management of arbitrary clipping planes. A clipping plane is defined by a point in world coordinates and a normal vector at that point. Use vgl_IActorSetParamfv to specify the point and normal. The basic clipping plane interactions are to translate the clipping plane in the direction of the normal or in the plane of the clipping plane (perpendicular to the normal) and to rotate the clipping plane about a specified vector which lies in the plane of the clipping plane. All clip plane motions are performed using vgl_IActorDrag with one of five possible dragger actions.

IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE
IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_DEGEN
IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_INPLANE
IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE
IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE_DEGEN
The IActor module provides a function, vgl_IActorDrawClipCenter, to draw an icon representing the clip plane center and to detect the type of clip plane interaction to be performed. The type of clip plane interaction detected depends upon the mouse location on the clip plane icon. The appearance of the icon will change dependent upon the interaction which is detected by the function call. If a rotation action is detected, the components of the rotation vector are returned. Note that the use of the vgl_IActorDrawClipCenter is optional and is only provided as a convenience for drawing a clip plane icon and providing a reasonable means of detecting a dragger option for subsequent use with vgl_IActorDrag.

If the mouse is within the boundary of the center sphere, then the center of the clip plane is translated. If the mouse is within half the radius of the center sphere, then translation along the normal to the clip plane is detected. If normal translation is detected and the normal is nearly parallel to the viewing direction, then the icon on the right in Figure 10-1a is drawn. If the mouse is between half the radius and the full radius of the center sphere, then translation in the plane of the clip plane is detected and the icon in Figure 10-1b is drawn.


Figure 10-1a, Clip Plane Icon Normal Translation and in Viewing Direction

Figure 10-1b, Clip Plane Icon in Plane Translation
If the mouse is outside the boundary of the center sphere and within the neighborhood of the clip plane circle, then rotation about a vector lying in the plane of the clip plane is detected. The rotation vector is perpendicular to a line drawn from the clip plane center to a point on the clip plane icon circle which is closest to the mouse location. If rotation is detected and the rotation vector is nearly perpendicular to the viewing direction, then the icon on the right in Figure 10-1c is drawn.


Figure 10-1c, Clip Plane Icon Rotation and about Vector in Viewing Plane
Given a clip plane action, use vgl_IActorDrag to help manipulate the clipping plane. The IActor object will not call any drawing functions related to clipping planes internally such as vgl_DrawFunClipPlane. Instead, IActor will change the values of the clipping plane center and normal which have been initially set using vgl_IActorSetParamfv. Use the function vgl_IActorGetFloat to query for the new locations of the clipping plane center and normal. If a rotation action is to be performed then a rotation vector must be specified using vgl_IActorSetParamfv. If vgl_IActorDrawClipCenter has been used, this rotation vector will be returned by the function. The colors of the various components of the clipping plane icon may be customized using the function vgl_IActorSetParamfv.

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10.3 Function Descriptions

The currently available IActor functions are described in detail in this section.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

*vgl_IActorBegin - create an instance of a IActor object

C SPECIFICATION

vgl_IActor *vgl_IActorBegin ()

ARGUMENTS

None

FUNCTION RETURN VALUE

The function returns a pointer to the newly created IActor object. If the object creation fails, NULL is returned.

DESCRIPTION

Create an instance of a IActor object. Memory is allocated for the object private data and the pointer to the data is returned. The display callback function is set to NULL. The rotation center is set to the origin and the trackball radius is unity.

Destroy an instance of a IActor object using

     void vgl_IActorEnd (vgl_IActor *iactor)

Return the current value of a IActor object error flag using

     Vint vgl_IActorError (vgl_IActor *iactor)


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NAME

vgl_IActorClick - control clicker actions

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorClick (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                      Vint action,
                      Vint px,
                      Vint py)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
action       Action type
             =IACTOR_CENTER            Translate point to center of screen
             =IACTOR_ROTATERATE        Rotate about screen x and y at a 
                                       rate relative to mouse position.
             =IACTOR_SCALERATE         Scale relative to mouse position.
             =IACTOR_SCALEBYFACTOR     Scale about mouse position by
                                       a given factor.
             =IACTOR_TRANSLATERATE     Translate in screen xy plane
                                       relative to mouse position.
             =IACTOR_NONE              Take no action
px           Horizontal device coordinate.
py           Vertical device coordinate.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper action is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Perform a clicker action as a function of device coordinate location px and py.

The action, IACTOR_SCALEBYFACTOR, scales about the mouse position by a factor which is set using the IACTOR_SCALEFACTOR parameter with function vgl_IActorSetParamf.

No check is made on the input values of px and py. The display callback is invoked after the specified action is complete. No cursor changes are performed.


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NAME

vgl_IActorDisplay - call display callback

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDisplay (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                        Vobject *dummy)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
dummy        Pointer to object which is ignored by this function

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Invoke the display, IACTOR_FUN_DISPLAY, callback function.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorDrag - control dragger actions

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDrag (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                     Vint action,
                     Vint drag,
                     Vint px,
                     Vint py)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
action       Action type
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE         Translate normal to
                                                clipping plane
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_DEGEN   Translate normal to
                                                clipping plane
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_INPLANE Translate in plane of
                                                clipping plane
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE            Rotate clipping plane
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE_DEGEN      Rotate clipping plane
             =IACTOR_DOLLY             Translate in screen depth
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_DOLLYCENTER       Translate in screen depth
                                       about the center of the screen
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_DOLLYRATE         Translate in screen depth
                                       relative to mouse position.
             =IACTOR_FARPLANE          Translate far clipping plane
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_FRAME             Translate and scale the viewport
                                       to a rectangular frame.
             =IACTOR_NEARPLANE         Translate near clipping plane
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_PAN               Pan in screen xy plane
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_ROTATE            Rotate about screen x,y and z axes
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_ROTATERATE        Rotate about screen x and y
                                       at a rate relative to mouse
                                       position and about screen z
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_SCALE             Scale
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_SCALECENTER       Scale about screen center
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_SCALERATE         Scale relative to mouse position.
             =IACTOR_SQUIGGLE          Translate and scale a rectangular
                                       extent.
             =IACTOR_TRACKBALL         Simulate trackball manipulation
             =IACTOR_TRANSLATE         Translate in screen xy plane
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_TRANSLATERATE     Translate in screen xy plane
                                       relative to mouse position.
             =IACTOR_WINDOW            Translate and scale a rectangular
                                       window to the viewport.
             =IACTOR_ZOOM              Zoom
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_ZOOMCENTER        Zoom about screen center
                                       relative to mouse movement.
             =IACTOR_NONE              Take no action
drag         Drag stage
             =VGL_DRAG_INIT            Dragger initialization
             =VGL_DRAG_MOVE            Dragger movement
             =VGL_DRAG_TERM            Dragger termination
px           Horizontal device coordinate.
py           Vertical device coordinate.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper action or drag is specified. VGL_ERROR_OPERATION is generated if a drag operation is specified out of order.

DESCRIPTION

Perform a stage, specified by drag, of a dragger action as a function of device coordinate location px and py. The display callback is invoked after the VGL_DRAG_MOVE stage for all actions except IACTOR_FRAME, IACTOR_SQUIGGLE and IACTOR_WINDOW. The display callback is also invoked after the VGL_DRAG_TERM stage for all actions. The VGL_DRAG_MOVE stage should be called for all "rate" actions even if there is no change in the device coordinate location.

Note that for the IACTOR_FRAME, IACTOR_SQUIGGLE and IACTOR_WINDOW actions, if the px and py values passed at the VGL_DRAG_INIT stage are the same as the values passed at the VGL_DRAG_TERM stage, then no translation or scaling is performed.


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NAME

vgl_IActorDrawBackground - draw drop background

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDrawBackground (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                               Vfloat cbot[3],
                               Vfloat ctop[3])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
cbot         Color of background at bottom of window
ctop         Color of background at top of window

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Draw a Gouraud shaded background polygon with RGB color cbot at the bottom of the window and ctop at the top of the window. The background polygon is drawn at the back of the viewing volume. Call this function for drawing the background before rendering the scene. Try cbot = (.5,.5,.5) and ctop = (0.,0.,.16) for a pleasing background.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorDrawClipCenter - draw clip plane center icon

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDrawClipCenter (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                               Vint action,
                               Vint px,
                               Vint py,
                               Vint *xaction,
                               Vfloat xrotvec[3])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
action       Action type
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEDETECT   Draw icon and detect clipping plane
                                       specific action.
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE         Draw translate normal icon
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_DEGEN   Draw translate normal icon
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_INPLANE Draw translate inplane icon
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE            Draw rotate icon
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE_DEGEN      Draw rotate icon
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEDATA              Draw basic icon
px           Horizontal device coordinate.
py           Vertical device coordinate.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

xaction      Detected specific action type
             =IACTOR_NONE                       No specific action detected
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_DEGEN
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_INPLANE
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE_DEGEN
xrotvec      Detected rotation vector

DESCRIPTION

Draw the clipping plane icon. The clipping plane icon consists of a center sphere and concentric circle which lies in the plane of the clipping plane. Use vgl_IActorSetParamfv is set the current clipping plane center and normal vector. The overall radius of the concentric circle is set in units of device coordinates (pixels) using vgl_IActorSetParami. There are 2 basic categories of input actions.

The first category is clipping plane action detection using IACTOR_CLIPPLANEDETECT. In this case the clipping plane icon is drawn and the input device coordinates are used to detect a specific clipping plane action. If the input coordinates lie on the center sphere, a translation is detected. If the coordinates lie in the vicinity of the concentric circle, a rotation is detected. The detected action is returned in xaction and a rotation vector is return in xrotvec if a specific rotation action is detected. If the input coordinates lie outside of the icon, then IACTOR_NONE is returned. The icon is drawn with translation or rotation vectors drawn depending on the specific action detected.

The second category is a specific clipping plane action or no action using IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE, IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_DEGEN, IACTOR_CLIPPLANETRANSLATE_INPLANE, IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE, IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTATE_DEGEN or IACTOR_CLIPPLANEDATA. In this case, the icon is drawn specific to the input action. The action IACTOR_CLIPPLANEDATA simply draws the basic icon with no rotation or translation vectors. The return values are undefined.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorDrawRectangle - draw last drag rectangle

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDrawRectangle (vgl_IActor *iactor)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Draw last rectangle rendered as a result of a IACTOR_WINDOW or IACTOR_FRAME drag action. It may be necessary to set XOR mode, line width, line style and color to match the rectangle generated during window and frame drag actions. Note that the window and drag operations both set the XOR mode on, the color to white and the line width to 2. Window drag actions set the line style to solid, VGL_LINESTYLE_SOLID, and frame drag actions set the line style to dotted, VGL_LINESTYLE_DOT.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorDrawRotCenter - draw triad at the center of rotation

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDrawRotCenter (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                              Vint censiz)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
censiz       Size of a triad axis in pixels

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Draw a simple triad at the center of rotation. The axes point along the model x, y and z axes and are colored red, green and blue respectively by default. Try a pixel size of censiz = 50. The axis colors may be changed with vgl_IActorSetParamfv. The rotation center is calculated automatically when vgl_IActorFit is called. It may be set explicitly with vgl_IActorSetParamfv. It may be independently calculated with vgl_IActorFitTrackBall.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorDrawTrackBall - draw trackball

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorDrawTrackBall (vgl_IActor *iactor)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Draw three concentric circles in the xy, yz and zx planes. The three circles are colored red, green and blue by default. The radius of each circle is the trackball radius. The circle colors may be changed with vgl_IActorSetParamfv. The IACTOR_COLOR_XAXIS color is associated with the circle in the xy plane, the IACTOR_COLOR_YAXIS color with the yz plane and the IACTOR_COLOR_ZAXIS color with the zx plane. The trackball radius is calculated automatically when vgl_IActorFit is called. It may be set explicitly with vgl_IActorSetParamf. It may be independently fit with vgl_IActorFitTrackBall.


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NAME

vgl_IActorResize - resize function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorResize (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                       Vobject *dummy)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
dummy        Pointer to object which is ignored by this function

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

By default, this function is set as the callback function for an expose event. The function tests for a resizing of the window and adjusts the projection to account for a changing of the window aspect ratio. Then the display, IACTOR_FUN_DISPLAY, callback function is invoked.

If a child window is to be resized in response to a resizing of its parent window then the desired size of the child window must be set using the ConfigureWindow drawing function prior to calling vgl_IActorResize.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorFit - fit function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorFit (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                    Vobject *dummy)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
dummy        Pointer to object which is ignored by this function

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Change the modelview matrix and the projection far clipping plane to fit the current object to the size of the window. The center of rotation is set to the center of the object bounding box and the trackball radius is set to the distance from the center of rotation to a bounding box corner.

If the fit type is IACTOR_FITTYPE_EXTENT or IACTOR_FITTYPE_RADIUS, the graphics subsystem is placed in VGL_EXTENT_DEVICE or VGL_EXTENT_FIT render mode and the display callback is invoked to compute the extent of the scene. The render mode is then set to VGL_RENDER.

If the fit type is IACTOR_FITTYPE_BOUNDBOX, then the user supplied bounding box is used which is set by calling vgl_IActorSetParamfv with IACTOR_BOUNDBOX. The render mode of the graphics subsystem is not changed.

A modelview matrix is computed and loaded which centers the scene in the viewing volume. Finally a polygon offset is computed and set so that line primitives appear clearly superimposed upon underlying polygon primitives.

Use the IACTOR_FITTYPE parameter to set the overall type of fit to be performed. The far clipping plane is adjusted depending upon the type of depth fitting selected. Use the IACTOR_FITZTYPE parameter to set the type of depth fit to be performed. Use vgl_IActorSetParami to set these parameters.

Use the IACTOR_FITZFACT parameter to adjust the padding used to place the far clipping plane and the IACTOR_FITZLENGTH parameter to specify a length to place the far clipping plane. Use vgl_IActorSetParamf to set these parameters.

Use the IACTOR_FITSHRINK parameter to shrink the fit model from the window margins. Use vgl_IActorSetParamf to set the shrink factor.


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NAME

vgl_IActorFitNearFar - fit near and far clipping planes function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorFitNearFar (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                           Vobject *dummy)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
dummy        Pointer to object which is ignored by this function

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Change the near and far projection clipping planes to fit the current object. If the projection is perspective, the left, right, bottom and top projection limits may be changed to preserve the angle of the field of view. The modelview matrix is unchanged.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorFitTrackBall - fit trackball function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorFitTrackBall (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                             Vobject *dummy)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
dummy        Pointer to object which is ignored by this function

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Set the radius of the trackball so that it is sized to the window. Use the IACTOR_FITSHRINK parameter to shrink the radius of the trackball from the window margins. Use vgl_IActorSetParamf to set the shrink factor.


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NAME

vgl_IActorGetFloat - query float information

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorGetFloat (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                         Vint type,
                         Vfloat params[])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
type         Type of parameter to return
             =IACTOR_ROTCENTER         Coordinates of rotation center.
             =IACTOR_ROTCENTERDEVICE   Device coordinates of rotation
                                       center

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

params       Pointer to floating point return values

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper type is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Query the current location of the center of rotation in either global coordinates or device coordinates.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorGetInteger - query integer information

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorGetInteger (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                         Vint type,
                         Vint params[])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
type         Type of parameter to return
             =IACTOR_DRAG              Current Drag state

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

params       Pointer to floating point return values

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper type is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Query the current state of the vgl_IActorDrag drag state. By default the drag state is VGL_DRAG_TERM.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorProject - project a point to device coordinates

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorProject (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                        Vfloat w[3],
                        Vfloat d[3])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
w            World coordinates

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

d            Device coordinates

DESCRIPTION

Transform the specified world coordinate to device coordinates using the current modelling, projection and viewport transformations. Use vgl_IActorUnproject to perform the inverse operation


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorUnproject - unproject a point from device coordinates

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorUnProject (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                          Vfloat d[3],
                          Vfloat w[3])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
d            Device coordinates

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

w            World coordinates

DESCRIPTION

Transform the specified device coordinate to world coordinates using the current modelling, projection and viewport transformations. Use vgl_IActorProject to perform the inverse operation


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorSetFunction - set a callback function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorSetFunction (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                            Vint funtype,
                            void (*function)(vgl_IActor*, Vobject*),
                            Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
funtype      Type of callback function to set
             =IACTOR_FUN_DISPLAY       Display callback
function     Pointer to callback function
object       Pointer to the object to be returned as function argument

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Set callback functions. By default the display callback is NULL. A callback is not invoked if it is NULL.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorSetObject - set attribute objects

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorSetObject (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                          Vint objecttype,
                          Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
objecttype   The name of the object type to be set.
             =VGL_DRAWFUN            DrawFun object
object       Pointer to the object to be set.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_OBJECTTYPE is generated if an improper objecttype is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Set a pointer to an attribute object. The DrawFun attribute object is required.

Get object as an output argument using

     void vgl_IActorGetObject (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                               Vint objecttype,
                               Vobject **object)


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorSetParamf - set floating display parameters

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorSetParamf (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                          Vint type,
                          Vfloat param)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
type         Type of display parameter to set
             =IACTOR_FITSHRINK         Fit shrink factor
             =IACTOR_FITZFACT          Fit depth padding factor
             =IACTOR_FITZLENGTH        Fit depth length
             =IACTOR_TRACKBALLRADIUS   Trackball radius
             =IACTOR_DOLLYGAIN         Gain of dolly actions
             =IACTOR_PLANEGAIN         Gain of near and far plane actions
             =IACTOR_SCALEGAIN         Gain of scale actions
             =IACTOR_SCALEFACTOR       Scale factor
param        Specifies the float value that type will be set to.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper type is specified. VGL_ERROR_VALUE is generated if a shrink factor greater than or equal to 1. is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Set trackball radius. By default IACTOR_TRACKBALLRADIUS is 1.

Set fit shrink factor. The shrink factor is a value in the interval [0.,1.) which is used by vgl_IActorFit to determine the amount to shrink the object away from the viewport boundaries. A shrink factor of 0. results in no shrink. By default IACTOR_FITSHRINK is .1 .

Set depth padding factor using IACTOR_FITZFACT. The padding factor is used to set the far clipping plane so that the model comfortably fits in the center between the near and far clipping planes. The distance between the near and far clipping planes is the padding factor times the model extent in eye coordinates. Set IACTOR_FITZFACT to unity if the model extent is meant to be bounded exactly by the near and far clipping planes. The type of depth fitting is selected using function vgl_IActorSetParami with parameter IACTOR_FITZTYPE. Use a parameter value of IACTOR_FITZTYPE_FACT to enable depth padding factor fitting. By default IACTOR_FITZFACT is 100.

Set depth length using IACTOR_FITZLENGTH. The length is used to set the far clipping to be the depth length from the near clipping plane. The model is centered between the near and far planes. The type of depth fitting is selected using function vgl_IActorSetParami with parameter IACTOR_FITZTYPE. Use a parameter value of IACTOR_FITZTYPE_LENGTH to enable depth length fitting. By default IACTOR_FITZLENGTH is 1.

Set "gain" of scaling, near/far plane and dolly actions using IACTOR_SCALEGAIN, IACTOR_PLANEGAIN and IACTOR_DOLLYGAIN. The scale, plane and dolly gains are the incremental scale, plane and dolly factors applied per unit pixel moved. By default IACTOR_SCALEGAIN is .005 and IACTOR_PLANEGAIN and IACTOR_DOLLYGAIN are .001 .

Set scale factor used with the IACTOR_SCALEBYFACTOR clicker operation. By default IACTOR_SCALEFACTOR is 1.5 .


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorSetParamfv - set floating display parameters

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorSetParamfv (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                           Vint type,
                           Vfloat param[])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
type         Type of display parameter to set
             =IACTOR_BOUNDBOX          Coordinates of bounding box
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANECENTER   Coordinates of clip plane center
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANENORMAL   Clip plane normal vector
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEROTVEC   Clip plane rotation vector
             =IACTOR_COLOR_DRAG        Color of squiggle.
             =IACTOR_COLOR_DRAGSTRIPE  Color of squiggle stripe color
             =IACTOR_COLOR_XAXIS       Color of x-axis
             =IACTOR_COLOR_YAXIS       Color of y-axis
             =IACTOR_COLOR_ZAXIS       Color of z-axis
             =IACTOR_ROTCENTER         Coordinates of rotation center.
             =IACTOR_ROTCENTERDEVICE   Device coordinates of rotation
                                       center
             =IACTOR_SPINMATRIX        Modelview matrix modification used
                                       for each Spin operation.
param        Specifies the float values that type will be set to.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper type is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Set the world coordinates of a bounding box. The bounding box is input as six world coordinate values, the minimum x,y,z coordinates followed by the maximum x,y,z coordinates The bounding box is used in conjunction with the fit type IACTOR_FITTYPE_BOUNDBOX set using vgl_IActorSetParami. By default IACTOR_BOUNDBOX is 0.,0.,0.,1.,1.,1.

Set clipping plane center and normal using IACTOR_CLIPPLANECENTER and IACTOR_CLIPPLANENORMAL respectively. By default the center and normal are (0.,0.,0.). These values are changed by the vgl_IActorDrag function when a clipping plane action is performed. The current values may be queried using vgl_IActorGetFloat.

Set center of rotation. By default IACTOR_ROTCENTER is (0.,0.,0.). The center of rotation may be set in device coordinates using IACTOR_ROTCENTERDEVICE. The current rotation center may be queried in either global or device coordinates using vgl_IActorGetFloat.

Set colors of graphics associated with the squiggle drag operation. By default IACTOR_COLOR_DRAG is (1.,1.,1.) By default IACTOR_COLOR_DRAGSTRIPE is (1.,.2,.2)

Set colors of graphics associated with the rotation center and trackball icons. The x, y and z-axis colors affect the trackball circles in the xy, yz and zx planes respectively. By default IACTOR_COLOR_XAXIS is (1.,0.,0.), IACTOR_COLOR_YAXIS is (0.,1.,0.) and IACTOR_COLOR_ZAXIS is (0.,0.,1.).

Set the matrix which is used to increment the current modelview matrix for each time vgl_IActorSpin is called using IACTOR_SPINMATRIX.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorSetParami - set integer display parameters

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorSetParami (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                          Vint type,
                          Vint iparam)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
type         Type of display parameter to set
             =IACTOR_CURSORS           Display rotation, translation and
                                       scale cursors during display
                                       manipulation.
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEICONNORMAL Toggle drawing of clip plane icon
                                       normal vector
             =IACTOR_CLIPPLANEICONRADIUS Radius of clip plane icon in
                                       pixels
             =IACTOR_FITTYPE           Fit type.
             =IACTOR_FITZTYPE          Fit depth type.
             =IACTOR_FARADJUST         Automatic far plane adjustment
             =IACTOR_LINEWIDTH_DRAG    Linewidth of drag lines
             =IACTOR_NEARADJUST        Automatic near plane adjustment
             =IACTOR_SMOOTHMOVE        Smooth movement
             =IACTOR_SMOOTHSTEPS       Number of smooth steps
             =IACTOR_INDPROJ           Modify projection limits
                                       independently
             =IACTOR_USEPROJ           Modify projection limits
             =IACTOR_USEFRONTBUFFER    Toggle front buffer use
             =IACTOR_VERTDOLLY         Dolly to vertical movements
             =IACTOR_VERTSCALE         Scale to vertical movements
             =IACTOR_VERTZOOM          Zoom to vertical movements
iparam       Specifies the integer value that type will be set to.
             =VGL_ON                   Enable
             =VGL_OFF                  Disable
             =IACTOR_FITTYPE_BOUNDBOX  Model user supplied bounding box
             =IACTOR_FITTYPE_EXTENT    Model projected extent
             =IACTOR_FITTYPE_RADIUS    Model object radius
             =IACTOR_FITZTYPE_FACT     Depth padding factor
             =IACTOR_FITZTYPE_LENGTH   Depth length

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper type is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Enable the automatic setting of the cursor to indicate a display rotation, translation or scaling. By default IACTOR_CURSORS is set to VGL_ON.

Set fit type. A fit type of IACTOR_FITTYPE_EXTENT uses the projected extent of the model to fit to the window. The scaling of the model is then dependent upon its current orientation. A fit type of IACTOR_FITTYPE_RADIUS uses the radial distance of the object extent of the model to fit to the window. The scaling of the model is then independent of its current orientation. A fit type of IACTOR_FITTYPE_BOUNDBOX uses the projected bounding box supplied by the user using vgl_IActorSetParamfv with IACTOR_BOUNDBOX to fit to the window. The scaling of the model is then dependent upon its current orientation. By default IACTOR_FITTYPE is IACTOR_FITTYPE_EXTENT.

Set depth fit type. A depth fit type of IACTOR_FITZTYPE_FACT uses a depth padding factor supplied by the user using vgl_IActorSetParamf with IACTOR_FITZFACT to fit the near and far planes. A depth fit type of IACTOR_FITZTYPE_LENGTH uses a depth length supplied by the user using vgl_IActorSetParamf with IACTOR_FITZLENGTH to fit the near and far planes. By default IACTOR_FITZTYPE is IACTOR_FITZTYPE_FACT.

Use IACTOR_LINEWIDTH_DRAG to set the line width of lines drawn during the IACTOR_WINDOW, IACTOR_FRAME and IACTOR_SQUIGGLE drag operations. By default IACTOR_LINEWIDTH_DRAG is set to 2.

Use IACTOR_NEARADJUST and IACTOR_FARADJUST to enable the automatic adjustment of the near and far clipping planes when performing "dolly" drag operations. This automatic adjustment is designed to move the near and far clipping planes so that the model is not clipped. By default IACTOR_NEARADJUST and IACTOR_FARADJUST are set to VGL_OFF.

Use IACTOR_USEPROJ to enable the use of projection limit modifications rather than model view matrix modifications for IACTOR_CENTER click operations and IACTOR_WINDOW, IACTOR_FRAME and IACTOR_SQUIGGLE drag operations. By default IACTOR_USEPROJ is set to VGL_OFF.

Use IACTOR_INDPROJ to enable independent projection limit modifications IACTOR_WINDOW, IACTOR_FRAME and IACTOR_SQUIGGLE drag operations. If enabled the projection limits are modified independently without preserving aspect ratio. If disabled the projection limits are modified to preserve aspect ratio. By default IACTOR_INDPROJ is set to VGL_OFF.

Use IACTOR_USEFRONTBUFFER to toggle the use of the front buffer in squiggle and window graphics. By default IACTOR_USERFRONTBUFFER is set to VGL_ON.

Use IACTOR_SMOOTHMOVE to enable all projection modifications to be performed smoothly using a specified number of intermediate display callbacks. This option is available only for vgl_IActorFit, IACTOR_CENTER click operations and IACTOR_WINDOW, IACTOR_FRAME and IACTOR_SQUIGGLE drag operations with IACTOR_USEPROJ enabled. The number of intermediate display callbacks is specified using IACTOR_SMOOTHSTEPS. By default IACTOR_SMOOTHMOVE is set to VGL_OFF. By default IACTOR_SMOOTHSTEPS is set to 8.

Use IACTOR_VERTDOLLY, IACTOR_VERTSCALE and IACTOR_VERTZOOM to enable dolly, scaling and zooming to be sensitive to vertical mouse movements only. This option is available for all dolly, scale and zoom drag operations. By default IACTOR_VERTDOLLY, IACTOR_VERTSCALE and IACTOR_VERTZOOM are set to VGL_OFF.

Use IACTOR_CLIPPLANEICONNORMAL to toggle the display of the clip plane icon normal vector. By default IACTOR_CLIPPLANEICONNORMAL is set to VGL_OFF.

Use IACTOR_CLIPPLANEICONRADIUS to set the radius of the clip plane rotation icon in pixels. By default IACTOR_CLIPPLANEICONRADIUS is set to 50.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorSpin - spin function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorSpin (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                     Vobject *dummy)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
dummy        Pointer to object which is ignored by this function

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

This function reapplies the last rotation transformation produced by the IACTOR_TRACKBALL, IACTOR_ROTATE or IACTOR_ROTATERATE actions. The display callback function is invoked.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorTransformInit - initialize modelview matrix

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorTransformInit (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                              Vint action)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
action       Action type
             =IACTOR_ROTATE            Initialize rotations
             =IACTOR_TRANSLATE         Initialize translations
             =IACTOR_SCALE             Initialize scale
             =IACTOR_TRANSFORMSNAP     Snap rotations

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Initialize various components of the current modelview matrix. The rotation components may be either set to the identity using action set to IACTOR_ROTATE or the rotation components can be set so that the rotation matrix is "snapped" to the closest screen oriented axes using action set to IACTOR_TRANSFORMSNAP. The translation components of the current modelview matrix may be initialized to zero using IACTOR_TRANSLATE. The scale components of the current modelview matrix may be initialized to unity using IACTOR_SCALE.

The display callback function is invoked.


Table of Contents , IActor

NAME

vgl_IActorTransformView - specify modelview matrix

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_IActorTransformView (vgl_IActor *iactor,
                              Vint action,
                              Vfloat tm[4][4])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

iactor       Pointer to IActor object.
action       Action type
             =IACTOR_ROTATE            Specify rotations
             =IACTOR_TRANSLATE         Specify translations
             =IACTOR_SCALE             Specify scale
tm           Modelview matrix

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Specify various components of the current modelview matrix. The rotation, translation or scale components of the specified modelview matrix, tm, are enforced in the current modelview matrix.

The display callback function is invoked.


Table of Contents

10.4 Popup Menus - Popup

The Popup module has been provided as an efficient and portable method of supporting popup menus which are drawn under the cursor location in the graphics window as a result of a button press of some kind. Since popup menus are normally drawn in the graphics window under the cursor, they are generally not associated with any other user interface element. Popup menus are convenient in that a user need not move the mouse to another part of the graphics screen to make a selection. Instead, by pressing a mouse button for example, a popup menu is drawn under the cursor location. The popup menus support toggles, radio button arrays, cascading popups in addition to normal menu items such as one-shot buttons, titles and separators. The functions associated with a Popup module are the following.

Instance a Popup object using vgl_PopupBegin. Once a Popup object is instanced, set the drawing function attribute object using vgl_PopupSetObject. The drawing function object set as an attribute object should contain immediate mode drawing functions. Set parameters which affect the popup menu appearance such as background color using vgl_PopupSetParamfv.

A popup menu visually consists of a title; button, radio box, toggle and cascading menu items; and line separators. The menu items are defined using vgl_PopupAddItem, vgl_PopupAddRadio, vgl_PopupAddToggle and vgl_PopupAddPopup. Line separators are defined using vgl_PopupAddLine. The menu title is defined using vgl_PopupTitle. The title always appears at the top of the popup menu with a line separator drawn immediately below it. All other menu items and line separators are added to the popup menu below the title in the order in which they are defined.

Each menu item, (except for cascading popup menus) is assigned a user defined index, a label and a callback function which is invoked when the item is selected. The index of the selected item is not passed directly to the callback but must be queried for using vgl_PopupGetIndex. The menu item index is used by many functions as a unique "name" for the associated menu item. Toggle items are drawn with a small square box to the left of the label indicating the value of the toggle. Radio box items are drawn with a small diamond box to the left of the label indicating which item in the array is enabled. Cascading menu items are drawn with a pointer icon to the right of the item label.

The activity (selectability) of menu items may be changed using vgl_PopupSetActive. An item with its activity disabled is drawn with a lightened appearance and may not be selected. An example of a popup menu illustrating some item types and an inactive radio box array appears in Figure 10-1.


Figure 10-2, Example Popup Menu
The interaction with a popup menu is considered to be a dragger operation and is controlled by the function vgl_PopupDrag. Upon dragger initialization the popup menu is drawn with its upper left hand corner under the specified device coordinate. The position of the upper left hand corner may be altered in order to be able to draw the popup menu completely within the graphics window. This may occur if the specified device coordinate is too far to the left or bottom of the graphics window. Dragger movements will highlight the menu item under the device coordinate. At dragger termination the item under the device coordinate (if any) is selected. The current index of the selected item is set and its value altered if it is a radio box or toggle item. The associated item callback function is invoked. The Popup module provides for a display callback functions to be invoked upon the completion of a menu selection, ie dragger termination. The display callback function is set using vgl_PopupSetFunction

Table of Contents

10.5 Function Descriptions

The currently available Popup functions are described in detail in this section.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

*vgl_PopupBegin - create an instance of a Popup object

C SPECIFICATION

vgl_Popup *vgl_PopupBegin ()

ARGUMENTS

None

FUNCTION RETURN VALUE

The function returns a pointer to the newly created Popup object. If the object creation fails, NULL is returned.

DESCRIPTION

Create an instance of a Popup object. Memory is allocated for the object private data and the pointer to the data is returned. The display callback function is set to NULL. The background RGB color is set to (.7,.7,.7).

Destroy an instance of a Popup object using

     void vgl_PopupEnd (vgl_Popup *popup)

Return the current value of a Popup object error flag using

     Vint vgl_PopupError (vgl_Popup *popup)


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupAddItem - add a button item

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupAddItem (vgl_Popup *popup,
                       Vint index,
                       Vtchar *label,
                       void (*function)(vgl_Popup*, Vobject*),
                       Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
label        Item label
function     Pointer to callback function
object       Pointer to the object to be returned as function argument

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Define a simple button item. The button item is drawn as a label only. If selected, the index is set as the current index and the specified callback function is invoked. Use vgl_PopupGetIndex to return the current index.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupAddLine - add a line separator

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupAddLine (vgl_Popup *popup)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Define a line separator. Line separators are used to visually group related menu items. Line separators should be used to delimit radio button item arrays. A line separator is automatically placed below the menu title.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupAddPopup - add a cascading popup menu

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupAddPopup (vgl_Popup *popup,
                        Vint index,
                        Vtchar *label,
                        vgl_Popup *caspopup)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
label        Item label
caspopup     Pointer to cascading Popup object.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Define a cascading popup menu item. The cascading menu item is drawn as a label followed by a right directed pointer icon. The caspopup popup menu is drawn to the right of the pointer icon when the device coordinate input to vgl_PopupDrag lies over this item.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupAddRadio - add a radio button item

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupAddRadio (vgl_Popup *popup,
                        Vint index,
                        Vint subindex,
                        Vtchar *label,
                        void (*function)(vgl_Popup*, Vobject*),
                        Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
subindex     Subindex identifier for menu item
label        Item label
function     Pointer to callback function
object       Pointer to the object to be returned as function argument

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Define a radio button item. The radio button item is drawn as a small diamond button icon followed by the item label. The diamond button icon indicates whether the radio button item is the currently selected item in the array. Each radio button item in an array must be assigned the same index and a unique subindex. By default the radio box item given subindex equal to 1 is set as the selected item.

If selected, the index is set as the current index, the item becomes the currently selected item in the radio button array and the specified callback function is invoked. Use vgl_PopupGetIndex to return the current index. Use vgl_PopupGetRadio to return the currently selected item in the radio box array given the index. The currently selected item in a radio box array may be set using vgl_PopupSetRadio.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupAddToggle - add a toggle button item

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupAddToggle (vgl_Popup *popup,
                         Vint index,
                         Vtchar *label,
                         void (*function)(vgl_Popup*, Vobject*),
                         Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
label        Item label
function     Pointer to callback function
object       Pointer to the object to be returned as function argument

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Define a toggle button item. The toggle button item is drawn as a small square button icon followed by the item label. The square button icon indicates the value of the toggle button item. By default the toggle item value is set to zero (off).

If selected, the index is set as the current index, the value of the item is toggled and the specified callback function is invoked. Use vgl_PopupGetIndex to return the current index. Use vgl_PopupGetToggle to return the current value of the toggle item given the index. The value of a toggle may be set using vgl_PopupSetToggle.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupDrag - control dragger actions

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupDrag (vgl_Popup *popup,
                    Vint drag,
                    Vint px,
                    Vint py)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
drag         Drag stage
             =VGL_DRAG_INIT            Dragger initialization
             =VGL_DRAG_MOVE            Dragger movement
             =VGL_DRAG_TERM            Dragger termination
px           Horizontal device coordinate.
py           Vertical device coordinate.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper drag is specified. VGL_ERROR_OPERATION is generated if the drag stages are not performed in the proper order.

DESCRIPTION

Perform a stage, specified by drag, of a dragger action as a function of device coordinate location px and py. No check is made on the input values of px and py. When this function is called with drag set to VGL_DRAG_INIT the popup menu is displayed with its upper left hand corner under the specified device coordinate with the constraint that the entire popup must be able to be drawn in the graphics window. During dragger movements, VGL_DRAG_MOVE, the menu item under the device coordinate (if any) is highlighted. At dragger termination the highlighted item is selected and the associated item callback is invoked. The display callback is invoked after the VGL_DRAG_TERM stage. The display callback is used to erase the popup menu and refresh the graphics window.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupGetIndex - get user index of selected item

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupGetIndex (vgl_Popup *popup,
                        Vint *index)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Index of current selected item

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Get the user defined index of the last selected item. If no item is selected during a menu drag sequence, then index is returned as -1. For this reason user defined menu item indices should be restricted to non-negative numbers.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupSetActive - set activity of an item

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupSetActive (vgl_Popup *popup,
                         Vint index,
                         Vint flag)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
flag         Flag to enable or disable menu item activity.
             =VGL_ON       Enable
             =VGL_OFF      Disable

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Set the activity of a menu item. If an item is inactive, the item label is drawn with a light, beveled appearance. In this state it can not be selected by a drag operation. When the item is active the label is drawn in black. By default all items are active when they are initially created.

Get flag as an output argument using

     void vgl_PopupGetActive (vgl_Popup *popup,
                              Vint index,
                              Vint *flag)


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupSetFunction - set a callback function

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupSetFunction (vgl_Popup *popup,
                           Vint funtype,
                           void (*function)(vgl_Popup*, Vobject*),
                           Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
funtype      Type of callback function to set
             =POPUP_FUN_DISPLAY        Display callback
function     Pointer to callback function
object       Pointer to the object to be returned as function argument

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Set callback functions. By default the display callback is NULL. A callback is not invoked if it is NULL.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupSetObject - set attribute objects

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupSetObject (vgl_Popup *popup,
                          Vint objecttype,
                          Vobject *object)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
objecttype   The name of the object type to be set.
             =VGL_DRAWFUN            DrawFun object
object       Pointer to the object to be set.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_OBJECTTYPE is generated if an improper objecttype is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Set a pointer to an attribute object. The DrawFun attribute object is required.

Get object as an output argument using

     void vgl_PopupGetObject (vgl_Popup *popup,
                               Vint objecttype,
                               Vobject **object)


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupSetParamfv - set display parameters

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupSetParamfv (vgl_Popup *popup,
                          Vint type,
                          Vfloat param[])

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
type         Type of display parameter to set
             =POPUP_COLOR_BACKGROUND   Set popup background RGB color.
param        Specifies the float values that type will be set to.

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

ERRORS

VGL_ERROR_ENUM is generated if an improper type is specified.

DESCRIPTION

Set the popup menu background color as an RGB color triple. By default the POPUP_COLOR_BACKGROUND color is light gray, (.7,.7,.7). The colors used for beveling which decorates the popup menu are derived from the base background color. It is best to use a background color which contains a component of gray (ie. no RGB component is zero) and is not close to white.


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupSetRadio - set radio button value

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupSetRadio (vgl_Popup *popup,
                        Vint index,
                        Vint subindex)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
subindex     Subindex identifier for menu item

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Set the currently selected item in a radio box array. Normally this operation need only be performed once for any one radio box array to set the initial state of the radio box array. By default subindex equal to 1 is set as the currently selected item in a radio box array when the item is created.

Get subindex as an output argument using

     void vgl_PopupGetRadio (vgl_Popup *popup,
                             Vint index,
                             Vint *subindex)


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupSetToggle - set toggle button value

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupSetToggle (vgl_Popup *popup,
                         Vint index,
                         Vint flag)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
index        Identifier for menu item
flag         Flag to enable or disable toggle menu item.
             =VGL_ON       Enable
             =VGL_OFF      Disable

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Set the current value of a toggle menu item. Normally this operation need only be performed once for any one toggle item. to set the initial state of the toggle. By default a toggle value is zero (disabled) when the item is created.

Get flag as an output argument using

     void vgl_PopupGetToggle (vgl_Popup *popup,
                              Vint index,
                              Vint *flag)


Table of Contents , Popup

NAME

vgl_PopupTitle - define popup title

C SPECIFICATION

void vgl_PopupTitle (vgl_Popup *popup,
                     Vtchar *title)

INPUT ARGUMENTS

popup        Pointer to Popup object.
title        Popup menu title

OUTPUT ARGUMENTS

None

DESCRIPTION

Define the title of the popup menu. The title is drawn centered at the top of the menu. A line separator is always drawn directly below the title. By default no title is defined.